By Yusef Taylor, @FlexDan_YT
The Gambia’s Ministry of Justice (MoJ) issued a list of ninety (90) adversely mentioned persons whom they plan to pursue prosecutions, suspensions, termination of service, voluntary retirement and banning for their role in human rights violations orchestrated during the 22 years of dictatorship under former President Yahya Jammeh.
After Jammeh lost elections to current President Adama Barrow in December 2016, a Truth Reparations and Reconciliation Commission (TRRC) was enacted in 2017 to investigate the human rights violations that occurred from 1994 to 2016.
After the TRRC Report and Recommendations were submitted to the President in November 2021, the Government published a White Paper outlining how it would implement the TRRC Recommendations in May 2022.
Speaking to the press on the day of the launch, Minister of Justice Hon. Dawda Jallow revealed “that certain individuals who have been adversely mentioned by the Commission continue to serve in various areas of the public and security services.”
He added: “The Government shall take steps for their immediate suspension from service while we work on a lawful means to effect their dismissal, termination or compulsory retirement as each case may require.”
The Minister’s bold statement was well received by victims, Civil Society actors and supporters of the Transitional Justice process.
In response, a journalist requested to know how many people will be affected by the action. Hon Dawda Jallow explained that the statistics were not readily available then but his Office “will compute that immediately”.
Our reporter contacted the MoJ for the list of the adversely mentioned persons identified for suspension, dismissal, voluntary retirement, prosecution and banning. and received a list of 90 adversely mentioned persons.
A Legal Counsel from the MoJ’s Office sent our medium a list of 90 adversely mentioned persons, which includes persons currently working in the Government and others not currently in public service.
Overview of the adverse mentions
The list of adversely mentioned persons includes three former executive members in Harry Sambou, Samsideen Sarr and former Vice President Isatou Njie Saidy.
The former Vice President Isatou Njie Saidy is in the list for her role in the killing of some 14 students and a Red Cross volunteer during the April 2000 students’ demonstration.
Doctor Tamsir Mbowe who implemented former President Jammeh’s Alternative Treatment Programme is also recommended for prosecution and his license to be revoked.
Dr Mbowe fraudulently claimed to treat patients suffering from HIV/ Aids and stopped them from taking conventional treatment thereby resulting in their death.
Also in the list are some 42 soldiers from the Gambia Armed Forces including members of President Jammeh’s private hit squad (The Junglers); and 9 Officers from the Gambia Police Force and 17 Security agents from the National Intelligence Agency who reported directly to the President, for their roles in torturing prisoners at the infamous Mile 2 Prison referred to as President Jammeh’s Five Star Hotel. Some five Officers of the Gambia Prisons Services have also been recommended for prosecution.
Light at the end of the tunnel
Meanwhile two officers in the Gambia Prisons Services are recommended to be “recognized and rewarded for the good services rendered”.
It is also recommended that “Justice Na Ceesay Salla-Wadda should be reinstated and her reinstatement backdated to 2017”. In the latter’s recommendation, the State notes, “The reinstatement should substitute the reappointment. Reinstatement will be in line [with] the rules of restitution and this is consistent with natural justice and fairness and taking into account her long-standing service in the justice sector both as State Counsel and Judge”.
This is not the first time that the MoJ issued a list of adversely mentioned persons, however, the difference this time is that the list contains the TRRC’s Recommendation for action and the Related Incident of each person adversely named. It can be recalled that the MoJ issued a list of all persons that bear Criminal Liability from the TRRC on 24th December 2021.
This article is supported by the International Center for Transitional Justice (ICTJ).
Below is a summary of the number of adverse mentions per Institution.
Summary of Number of Adverse mentions
|No. Adverse Mentions
|Gambia National Army
|Gambia Police Force
|State Intelligence Service Previously National Intelligence Agency
|Gambia Prison Services
|Judiciary and the Gambia Bar
|Government / Executive
The entire list sent to Gianako has been reproduced below with additional computations of the number of persons mentioned per institution, as well as the number of multiple mentions.